Science in the Scientific Revolution is an engaging, exciting, hands-on, multilevel elementary resource that is the third in a planned series of books by Dr. Jay Wile.
Introducing scientific concepts in the context of history, students will follow the work of the scientists who lived during the period known as "The Scientific Revolution," 1543 to 1700. Arranged chronologically, chapters focus both on concepts as well as thinkers, including Galileo & Heliocentrism, Descartes, Otto von Guericke and the Electrical Charge, Robert Boyle, Francesco Redi, Sir Isaac Newton and his laws, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, and others.
Because each lesson is built around an activity or experiment, it is engaging for all K-6 students.
Hands-on activities included in each lesson; are experiments (that have been field-tested for homeschoolers!), and include step by step directions to keep you on track. As this curriculum was designed for all elementary-aged students to use together, the main lesson text takes a conversational, easy-to-read tone that all students can comprehend; illustrations and photographs are integrated throughout. Review assignments close the lesson; questions are grouped for "youngest, older, and oldest" students. Students are instructed to keep a notebook, and the activities include comprehension and reflection notebook assignments.
Experiments use common household goods, though for some items that may not be on-hand, a full list (organized by section) is provided at the beginning of the book.
The course begins with 15 lessons on the properties of light. Students learn the three things that can happen when light strikes an object (reflection, absorption, and transmission), how reflected light allows us to see things, that white light is made of all colors of light, how we can guide light, how light is refracted as it passes into a new medium, and how refraction leads to magnification. In addition, students learn about several forms of energy in creation (radiant, mechanical, chemical, and thermal) and the law of conservation of energy, which governs how energy can be converted from one form to another.
The next 15 lessons cover the properties of air and water. Students learn the phases of matter, why things float, the difference between cohesion and adhesion, the chemical makeup of water, and the definitions of solution, solvent, and solute. Students then learn that air has weight, why some gases (like hot air and helium) rise in the air, what air pressure is, what causes wind, and how we measure temperature.
The next 15 lessons deal with land, the seas, and plants. The students learn about what soil is, the rock cycle, the differences between freshwater and saltwater, why salt “melts” ice, what a hypothesis is, and how hypotheses are tested. After that, the students move on to plants, learning the entire germination process, photosynthesis, the functions of roots, stems, and leaves, and how plants store their food. They also learn the detailed, macroscopic structure of a leaf and the ways in which plants can move.
The next 15 lessons cover the sun, moon, planets, and stars. Students learn how sundials tell time, what makes the sky blue, why there are bright colors at sunrise and sunset, what causes the sun’s apparent motion in the sky, and how the earth orbits the sun. In addition, they learn the basic structure of the solar system, the phases of the moon, what solar and lunar eclipses are, and why the moon seems to change size in the sky. Students then get introduced to the brightness of stars, ultraviolet light that comes from the sun, sunspots, and how we can determine the composition of the sun.
The next 15 lessons deal with water-dwelling creatures and birds. Students are taught the basics of animal classification, the differences between marine environments and freshwater environments, the difference between vertebrates and invertebrates, and how different water- dwelling animals move. Students then move on to birds, where they learn the basic structure of feathers, the basics of how birds fly, the specific designs that birds have to aid them in flight, the basic structure of an egg, and some details regarding how bird eggs are hatched.
The last 15 lessons deal with land animals and people. They are taught how to distinguish between different types of land vertebrates and invertebrates as well as how animals deal with changing temperatures. The students finish the course by learning about the five special senses each person has (sight, smell, hearing, balance, and taste) as well as the one general sense that each person has (touch).
For evaluation, the notebook or oral questions can be used; tests are are in the included Helps & Hints book. This Helps & Hint booklet is divided into three sections, which include helpful notes on the lesson and experiments for the textbook, six tests covering multiple chapters, and answers to the tests. Two reproducible pages are also included in the appendix. NAS scripture used.
This kit includes:
Science in the Scientific Revolution Student Text:
Science in the Scientific Revolution Helps & Hints Booklet;